Uruguay, the first country in the world to completely legalize cannabis, is now positioning itself as an international cannabis logistics hub.
The country has passed a decree allowing companies operating bonded warehouses in the Latin American country to provide international logistics services for the cannabis industry.
According to MVD Free Airport GM Bruno Guella, cannabis products can now be shipped from different countries to Uruguay, where they can remain in transit – and be repackaged if needed – and then be reexported to other countries without the payment of customs duties.
MVD Free Airport is a company that operates the cargo terminal inside the airport for Montevideo, Uruguay’s capital. The area where it operates in the airport is considered a free-trade zone.
For each import into Uruguay or export from Uruguay, export and import permits of the countries involved are needed.
The most common pathway to legal, commercial medical cannabis products for patients in the region is through compassionate-use access programs allowing importation on an individual basis – an inefficient and costly proposition not many can afford. This is particularly the case in Brazil.
“This is a solution for cannabis companies that want to export to individual patients in countries such as Brazil or Argentina but face the logistical and economic impracticality of having to obtain at origin an export permit for each individual shipment,” Guella told Marijuana Business Daily.
He said the way this could work is that companies – for instance, those in Canada – could:
Ship cannabis products in bulk to Montevideo airport with a single Health Canada export permit, where these would be stored and remain in transit. (New export/import permits would be involved between Uruguay and Brazil.)
Have the bonded warehouse operator separate, perform secondary packaging if needed and ship from Uruguay to individual patients in other countries that allow individual patients to import. Re-exportation in bulk is also possible.
The nature of the products cannot be modified in the bonded warehouse, according to the decree.