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Zimbabwe: Grassroots of Hope in a Dysfunctional Landscape

Zimbabwe: Grassroots of Hope in a Dysfunctional Landscape

Raymond Jaravaza, The Herald, Bulawayo Bureau

24 May 2024 at 10:00:00

Of the 57 cannabis cultivation license-holders, only seven are actually in production. Among them is a farming trio from the Bulawayo area who have overcome the capex and bureaucratic hurdles whose Thathokuhle Farm enterprise seeks to inspire surrounding farmers to grow cannabis.

This report was first published by The Herald on 22 May 2024.


Thathokuhle Farm, located in Douglasdale, Bulawayo, has transformed into a prosperous cannabis farm expected to inspire hundreds of farmers in and around the city.


The cannabis farming initiative is being spearheaded by experienced farmers Mr Mike Querl, his wife Ms Kerrie Mitchell, and their business partner, Mr Graeme Jansen van Vuuren.


Read: Zimbabwe cannabis: getting to grips with dysfuntionality


Following the Government's decision to legalise the cultivation of cannabis for medicinal and industrial purposes in April 2018, the trio decided to venture into commercial cannabis farming in 2021.


The Government legalised the production of cannabis for medicinal or scientific purposes under Statutory Instrument 18 (Dangerous Drugs -- Production of Cannabis for Medicinal and Scientific Use Regulations).


Under this legal instrument, producers of cannabis must be licensed by the Ministry of Health and Child Care.


Ms Mitchell said they designated a section of their farm for cannabis cultivation and immediately sourced high-quality seeds from reputable suppliers suitable for medicinal use.


Realising how delicate cannabis farming was, they made enormous investments in greenhouses, irrigation systems, and security measures to guarantee optimal growing conditions and protect the valuable plants.


Currently the trio has about 2 500 cannabis plants in their greenhouse, with an expected harvest of about 1kg of cannabis per plant. In their first season, they harvested 0,5kg per plant.


"It was still a learning curve and we have continued to improve the yields with each season. Regulatory authorities licenced 57 cannabis growers, but only seven are actively involved in commercial cannabis growing," said Ms Mitchell.


The growing process, Ms Mitchell said, begins with planting the seeds in a germination room where they sprout before being put into bags of soil.


The plants are then transferred to a hardening room and grow to a height of around 40cm. When they are ready, the plants are planted into beds in the greenhouse. Cannabis plants have the vegetative stage where they grow under light for eight weeks, and the flowering stage, which takes around two months. 


The flowers, used for medical purposes like marijuana oil and recreational use, are harvested when the plants are six months old.


The harvested cannabis is hung in a drying hanger under regulated temperatures for about 10 days before being exported for medical or recreational purposes in countries like the Netherlands.


Ms Mitchell stressed that cannabis farming is a scientific process, thus farmers must follow the rules. Cutting corners jeopardises the product's quality, causing it to fail the certificate of analysis and rendering it unsellable.


"When it's time to harvest, we harvest the flowers. Contrary to popular belief, people who smoke marijuana for recreational purposes in countries that have legalised it actually smoke the flowers and not the leaves," said Ms Mitchell.


When the flowers are harvested, the stems and leaves are used as compost for the next planting season, she said.


Thathokuhle Farm employs 82 workers, but the figure goes up to around 150 during harvesting. Workers comb through thousands of cannabis plants, weeding out male species to prevent pollination.


Besides cannabis growing, the trio also engages in fish farming and growing exotic fruits, which they sell locally.


Despite unlimited opportunities that cannabis farming presents, the trio admits that there are several challenges associated with its production.


"We have a few challenges when it comes to exporting cannabis such as the need to get it tested in a laboratory here in Zimbabwe and then tested again in South Africa because the local tests are not recognised internationally.


"The other issue is that the laws around the growing of cannabis are copied and pasted from other countries and some of the laws don't apply to the Zimbabwean context. There is too much bureaucracy in the regulatory authorities that we have to go through before exporting."


Ms Mitchell said testing it locally and internationally is time-consuming, but she believes that cannabis farming can significantly benefit Zimbabwe's economy, especially communal farmers.


Zimbabwe has a perfect climate for cannabis cultivation, with sunshine all year round, unlike Europe, where it is a once-a-year crop.


She said 1kg of cannabis can fetch up to US$500.


Thathokuhle Farm, Ms Mitchell indicated, is assisting the Zimbabwe Prisons and Correctional Service (ZPCS) in setting up cannabis farming at Khami Prison. In addition they also want to train small-scale farmers in Nyamandlovu to start growing cannabis.


Professor Harry Chiririwa, who conducts research on the benefits of cannabis at Vaal University of Technology in South Africa, noted that cannabis oil could benefit several medical conditions such as treating cancer, pain relief, depression, sleeping disorders and skincare.


"We grow cannabis on a 5-hectare farm under greenhouses and we are involved in the extraction of cannabis oil for medical purposes such as cancer treatment, pain relief, depression, sleeping disorders, skin care and a whole range of purposes," said Prof Chiririwa.


He said at his university, they had a team of students researching other benefits of cannabis such as the root system.


"We are in conversation with several companies back home in Zimbabwe for research on the benefits of cannabis and there is a facility being built in Goromonzi for that purpose. There are also conversations with the Zimbabwe Investment Development Agency to see how they can assist in that regard," Prof Chiririwa said.

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